60 Questions About the Oneness of God
1. Is the word trinity in the Bible? No.
Many words we use to describe God are not in the Bible. In question #14 of this list the writer said that "God is omnipresent." The word omnipresent, though an accurate description of God, is not in the Bible. In question #58, the author did the same thing with another word. The author says that "Jesus was the one God incarnate." The word incarnate, however, is not found in the Bible. The fact that the words omnipresent, incarnate and trinity are not in the Bible, does not mean that they are inaccurate descriptions of God.
2. Does the Bible say that there are three persons in the Godhead? No
The Bible mentions the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. All three are proclaimed to be God, all three are distinct and interact with one another yet the Bible claims there is but One God. The Bible does not use those specific words, but it does teach the doctrine.
3. Does the Bible speak of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost? Yes.
4. Do these titles as used in Matthew 28:19 mean that there are three separate and distinct persons in the Godhead? No, they refer to three offices, roles, or relationship to humanity.
This one verse is not the basis of the Trinitarian doctrine. The Bible does not teach that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are merely roles, offices or relationships to humanity. In fact, the Bible is clear that the titles are their relationships with each other. The Father is the Father to the Son, not a Father to us alone. Jesus is not "our" son, He is the Father's son. (Matt 3:17, 17:5; John 20:31) The Holy Spirit goes "out" from the Father to testify about Christ. (John 15:26) This defines His role and relationship within the Godhead, not to humanity.
5. Does the Bible use the word three in reference to God? Only one verse in the entire Bible does so-I John 5:7. It speaks of the Father, the Word (instead of Son), and the Holy Ghost, and it concludes by saying, "These three are one."
The word three does not have to be in the text. The Bible is clear that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are distinct from one another. There are no other persons of God mentioned within the Bible. The Father is one person, the Son is the second person, and the Holy Spirit makes three. We can count without the Bible having to add it up for us. And yes, these three are one. Trinitarians believe that.
6. Does the Bible use the word one in reference to God? Yes, many times. For example, see Zechariah 14:9; Malachi 2:10; Matthew 23:9; Mark 12:29, 32; John 8:41; 10:30; Romans 3:30; I Corinthians 8:4; Galatians 3:20; I Timothy 2:5; James 2:19.
First let us examine each verse and just what they mean when they say one. The original word in Hebrew for "one" as used in Zech and Malachi was "Echaad." This word does not mean absolute oneness, it means a compound unity. This is the same word that was used when God said a man and his wife should become one flesh. The marriage is a compound unity, the man does not become the wife.
Matt 23:9 is one person of the Godhead speaking about another. Jesus is saying there is one Father, not simply one person of the Godhead.
Mark 12:29 is quoting Duet 6:4 which uses the word Echaad also, meaning compound unity.
Mark 12:32 was in response to Jesus quoting Duet 6:4 in verse 29. That as we know was the word Echaad for compound unity
John 8:41, It says "we have one Father, even God." This does not say that God is one in person. In context the Son is speaking of the Father, revealing a distinction between them.
John 10:30 Christ says that I and my Father are one. But, in John 17:11 Christ says he wants his disciples to be one as He is one with the Father. To say they are one does not mean the disciples ARE the Father!
Romans 3:30, 1 Cor 8:4, Gal 3:20, and James 2:19 say there is one God, we do not disagree.
1 Timothy 2:5, says there is One God and one Mediator between God and man. If that mediator is God without any separation of person within that Godhead, then who is the mediator between God and man? We go directly to God in that case, there is no need for mediation. This statement would be erroneous.
7. Can the mystery of the Godhead be understood? Yes. Romans 1:20; Colossians 2:9; I Timothy 3:16.
Because an individual has trouble comprehending how an infinite God can be one in being but more than one in person does not mean that he can not understand that the Bible says it to be true. The trinity is not a mystery, it is revealed in the Bible.
8. Has the Christian only one Heavenly Father? Yes. Matthew 23:9.
Trinitarians do not say otherwise.
9. Then why did Jesus say to Philip, "He that hath seen me hath seen the Father" (John 14:9)? Because Jesus is the express image of God's person. Hebrews 1:3. The Greek word for person in this verse literally means "substance."
If we keep the verse in context we find the answer in the very next verse. In John 14:10 Jesus says "I am in the Father and the Father is in me." We have seen the Father because the Father was in Christ, but the verse doesn't end there. We find that Christ was also in the Father. This makes no sense if there is only person of the Godhead. To say God was manifest in the flesh is fair, but then we would have to believe that flesh is manifest within God, and that is not a Scriptural possibility. God is Spirit not flesh.
We also see in Hebrews 1:3 that "After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven." (NIV) This clearly does not say that Jesus sat down on the throne as THE majesty, but he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. A clear distinction between the Father and The Son. The rest of the chapter beautifully illustrates a distinction between the Father and the Son.
10. Does the Bible say that there are two persons in the Godhead? No.
There are not merely two, there are three, Father, Son and Spirit.
11. Does the Bible say that all the Godhead is revealed in one person? Yes, in Jesus Christ. II Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:19; 2:9; Hebrews 1:3.
The Bible does NOT say that the Godhead is revealed in ONLY one person. The fact that the Godhead is revealed in Christ does not mean that there is only one person of the Godhead. God has revealed himself in many ways. The fullness of the Godhead was revealed in Christ, it was also revealed in creation. Rom 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: KJV These verses in no way indicate that the Jesus is the only person of the Godhead. In fact, again in Hebrews 1:3 it specifically says that Christ is sitting at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven, not that He Is the only person of the Godhead.
12. Is the mystery of the Deity hidden from some people? Yes. Luke 10:21-22.
This verse does not even mention the words "mystery of the deity," and this in no way proves a oneness theology. In fact, they are contradicting the very point they made in question #7. First they say we can understand the mystery of the Godhead, but now they are saying only some can understand that mystery. Which is it? Look at Romans 1:20 again, which says the mystery of the Godhead was given to even those who reject God so that they are without excuse! Was this what was hidden from those in Luke chapter 10? I think not! God's word does not contradict itself! This verse was taken out of context. Christ says "Luke 10:22 ...and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him (NIV)" and we know that He will reveal it to anyone who believes. "For whosoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved," (Rom. 10:13)and God will reveal Himself to anyone who has done this through faith In Him alone. Those who do not have faith in Christ alone are going to die without an excuse because God revealed Himself to them but they rejected Him.
13. Who is the Father? The Father is the one God, particularly as revealed in parental relationship to humanity. Deuteronomy 32:6; Malachi 2:10.
The Father is also revealed in parental relationship to the Son. The prayer of Jesus the Son to the Father in John chapter 17 is an excellent example of this. See also question #4.
14. Where was God the Father while Jesus was on earth? The Father was in Christ. John 14:10; II Corinthians 5:19. He was also in heaven, for God is omnipresent.
The word omnipresent is not in the Bible. However, we do not disagree, but the fact that it says the Father was IN Christ and not that He WAS Christ supports Trinitarian, not oneness doctrine. Remember also that Christ was IN the Father as well. See also question #9
15. Did the prophet Isaiah say that Jesus would be the Father? Yes. Isaiah 9:6; 63:16.
When examining the original texts we see the wording that was used here gives the phrase "Everlasting Father" a different meaning. In the original languages a number of proper names in the Old Testament use the term "ab" "in accordance with a custom usual in Hebrew and in Arabic, where he who possesses a thing is called the father of it." Thus "Abiethon" (2 Samuel 23:31), "father of strength," means "strong"; "Abiaseph" (Exodus 6:24), "father of gathering," means "gatherer"; "Abigail" (1 Chronicles 2:16), "father of exultation," is a woman's name meaning "exulting"; and so forth. Evidently, then, "Father of eternity" in Isaiah 9:6 means that Jesus is eternal. This would imply, of course, that He is the creator of the ages (cf. Hebrews 1:2; 11:3), but not that He is "the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ" (2 Corinthians 1:3).
16. When God said, "Let us make man in our image" (Genesis 1:26), was He speaking to another person in the Godhead? No. Isaiah 44:24; Malachi 2:10.
These verses actually prove the Trinitarian viewpoint. If God created the world alone as Isaiah 44 says and only one God created us as it says in Mal 2:10, then there is no other explanation for the term "us." The US has to be God, who alone created the world, yet can not be another God for thier is but one God. No other explanation will suffice but to realize that God the Father was speaking to the Son within the Godhead. Otherwise, who was that "us"? No one else was there but God!
17. How many of God's qualities were in Christ? All. Colossians 2:9.
Correct, for Christ IS God. Trinitarians do not deny this.
18. How may we see the God who sent Jesus into the world? By seeing Jesus. John 12:44-45; 14:9.
Because the Father is IN the Son just as the Son is IN the Father. John 14:10-11 We have discussed already how being IN the Father does not mean that He IS the Father. The two being IN one another shows a distinction between them.
19. Does the Bible say that Jesus is the Almighty? Yes. Revelation 1:8
Trinitarians do not disagree.
20. Whom do some designate as the first person in the trinity? God the Father.
21. Whom do some designate as the last person in the trinity? The Holy Ghost. But Jesus said that He was the first and last. Revelation 1:17-18
God is the first and the last, this is not speaking about the order of the Godhead. If you realize that all persons of the Godhead ARE one God, this statement is true. This statement could be made by the Father and Spirit as well. Jesus did NOT say that He was the first and last "person of the Godhead."
22. How many persons did John see sitting on the throne in heaven? One. Revelation 4:2.
And who took the scroll out of the hand of that one person in Revelation 5:6,7? It as Christ who took the scroll out of the Father's hand. Only one person was sitting, but all three were present.
23. If Jesus is the first and the last, why did God say in Isaiah 44:6 that He was the first and the last? Because Jesus is the God of the Old Testament incarnate.
This is very similar to questions 20 and 21. They have the same answer. God is the first and the last. The Father did NOT say He was the first and last "person of the Godhead."
24. Did Jesus tell Satan that God alone should be worshiped? Yes. Matthew 4:10
We do not disagree or say that you should worship any other God.
25. Does the devil believe in more than one God? No. James 2:19.
Neither do Trinitarians
26. Does the Bible say that God, who is the Word, was made flesh? Yes John 1:1, 14.
It says that The Word was God, but also that the Word was with God. How can it be with God and yet be God without a separation of persons within the Godhead? It can not.
27. For what purpose was God manifested in the flesh? To save sinners. Hebrews 2:9, 14.
Yes we agree
28. Was Jesus God manifested in the flesh? Yes. I Timothy 3:16.
29. Could Jesus have been on earth and in heaven at the same time? Yes. John 3:13.
the words "which is in heaven" were not found in the earliest manuscripts. Even if they were, this does not prove that the Son is the Father.
30. Does the Bible say that there is but one Lord? Yes. Isaiah 45:18; Ephesians 4:5.
31. Does the Bible say that Christ is the Lord? Yes. Luke 2:11.
32. Does the Bible say that the Lord is God? Yes. I kings 18:39; Zechariah 14:5; Acts 2:39; Revelation 19:1.
33. How could the church belong to Jesus (Matthew 16:18) and yet be the church of God (I Corinthians 10:32)? Because Jesus is God in the flesh.
34. Will God give His glory to another? No. Isaiah 42:8.
No, but the Father will glorify the Son. (John 17:5)
35. Was there a God formed before Jehovah, or will there be one formed after? No. Isaiah 43:10.
No, we agree
36. What is one thing that God does not know? Another God. Isaiah 44:8.
37. What is one thing that God Cannot do? Lie. Titus 1:2.
He cannot lie but he can be one in being but separate in person. The doctrine of the trinity does not make God out to be liar, to suggest it does it either ignorance of the doctrine or a malicious misrepresentation of what we believe. Trinitarians do NOT believe there is more than one God.
However, within the Godhead, if Jesus is the Father, than he lacks the proper amount of witnesses and lied in John 8:18 when He said that He had two witnesses, the Father and Himself. If Jesus IS the Father, He only had one witness. Since it impossible for God to lie, we know that He indeed had two witnesses. There must be a separation of persons for these words to be true. God cannot lie.
38. How many Gods should we know? Only one. Hosea 13:4.
39. How many names has the Lord? One. Zechariah 14:9.
It says His name will be "one" which is "Echaad" meaning compound unity.
40. Is it good to think upon the name of the Lord? Yes. Malachi 3:16.
We agree, though the name used in this verse was Yahweh.
41. Does the Bible say that God alone treads upon the waves of the sea? Yes. Job 9:8
42. Why, then, was Jesus able to walk upon the Sea of Galilee (Matthew 14:25)? Because He is God the Creator. Colossians 1:16.
Jesus is God through whom all things were created. John 1:3
43. Is God the only one who can forgive sin? Yes. Isiah 43:25; Mark 2:7.
44. Why, then, could Jesus forgive sin in Mark 2:5-11? Because He is God the Savior.
Jesus is God and our savior. Trinitarians believe that
45. Is Jesus the true God? Yes. I John 5:20.
46. If God and the Holy Ghost are two separate persons, which was the Father of Christ? Matthew 1:20 says that the Holy Ghost was the Father, while Romans 15:6, II Corinthians 11:31, and Ephesians 1:3 say that God was the Father. There is no contradiction when we realize that God the Father and the Holy Ghost are one and the same Spirit. Matthew 10:20; Ephesians 4:4; I Corinthians 3:16.
You find this same example in Creation. God said Let "us" make man in our image. God the Father spoke through the Son, and the Spirit moved upon the waters. Saying that God created the heavens and the earth is true. We could also say that the Father created them, or the Son created them or the Spirit created the heavens and the earth. These are all true statements. It is true because the three persons make up ONE Being. Since the fullness of the diety dwells within all persons of the Godhead, there is no contradiction. All these statements can be true. The fact that there IS a Father of Christ shows that there IS a separation of persons.
While the author mentioned Ephesians 4:4 they failed to mention the next two verses. Eph 4:4 There is one body and one Spirit- just as you were called to one hope when you were called- 5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism; 6 one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (NIV) In the New Testament the Father is often titled God while Jesus is given the title of Lord. Each of these verses clearly mentions a distinct person of the Godhead. It does not say that there is One Spirit that is the one Lord and One Father. Each person was mentioned intentionally, yet the theme that are one is clearly kept. Look at the last statement of verse 6, "who is over all and through all and in all." The Father is over all (1 Cor 15:27,28), the Lord Jesus is through us all, for through him all things were made(John 1:3), through Him we have forgiveness of sins(Eph 1:7) and through Him the Father sent the Spirit which lives in us all(John 15:26).
I think Paul summed it up best this way. "Eph 2:18 For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit." (NIV)
There is no contradiction when we realize that God the Father and the Holy Ghost are one and the same Spirit.
This statement actually creates a contradiction, not clarifies one. If the Father, Son and Holy Ghost are the same in person then no one is the Father of the other. If they are merely different manifestations of the same person, then there is no Father of the Son.
47. When Paul asked the Lord who He was, what was the answer? "I am Jesus." Acts 9:5.
48. When Stephen was dying, did he call God Jesus? Yes. Acts 7:59.
We do not deny this
49. Did Thomas ever call Jesus God? Yes. John 20:28.
We agree for Jesus is God
50. How could Jesus be the Savior, when God the Father said in Isaiah 43:11, "Beside me there is no Savior?" Because "God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself." II Corinthians 5:19.
God is our savior. The Father, Son and Spirit all played a part in our salvation as one God.
51. Does the Bible say that Jesus was God with us? Yes. Matthew 1:23.
52. Did Jesus ever say, "I and my Father are one?" Yes. John 10:30.
Eight verses later John 10:38 Jesus says that He is in the Father AND that the Father is In Him. As previously stated, there has to be a separation for them to be in one another. There is no humanity in the Godhead. Also remember, as we have stated before, that Jesus also wants us to be one with Him as He is one with the Father(John 17:11). Will that make us the Father or Jesus? NO! This does NOT say that he IS the Father. See also question #9.
53. Can it be proved Scripturally that Jesus and the Father are one in the same sense that husband and wife are one? No. The Godhead was never compared to the relationship of a husband and wife. Jesus identified Himself with the Father in a way that husband and wife cannot be identified with each other. John 14:9-11.
This argument is not needed to prove the trinity. John 14:11 states clearly that the Father and Son are IN each other, not that they ARE each other. See question #52 and question #9 again. One should note that the word "echaad" meaning compound unity is the word God used to say that a husband and wife should become one flesh. This is the same word for one that is used to describe God. God is one in the sense of a compound unity. See question #6. The word "yachid" meaning absolute oneness was never used to describe God!
54. Does the Bible say that there is only one wise God? Yes. Jude 25.
55. Does the Bible call the Holy Ghost a second or third person in the Godhead? No. The Holy Ghost is the one Spirit of God, the one God Himself at work in our lives. John 4:24; I Corinthians 3:16-17; 6:19; 12:13.
The Father sends the Spirit through the Son. John 14:26 says, "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name.." All this isn't necessary if the Spirit is the Father who Is the Son. This verse is meaningless otherwise. This verse could have said "I will send MY Spirit", but it chose not to. A distinction of persons is always found in the Bible.
56. Can Trinitarians show that three divine persons were present when Jesus was baptized by John? Absolutely not. The one, omnipresent God used three simultaneous manifestations. Only one divine person was present--Jesus Christ the Lord.
The word omnipresent is not found in the Bible however let's look at what this is saying.
These were not merely "simultaneous manifestations" because they interacted with each other at Christ's baptism. God did not manifest himself in three places, God was manifest in three persons. The Father spoke to His Son and Said he loved Him and was pleased with Him! These are "relational" terms and relationships take two people, not two manifestations of one person. Unless Christ's baptism is downgraded to mere single actor staging a play, then we must realize that these were 3 distinct persons interacting with and loving one another!
57. Then what were the other two of whom Trinitarians speak? One was a voice from heaven; the other was the Spirit of God in the form of a dove. Matthew 3:16-17.
The voice was the voice of the Father, for this voice spoke and said, "This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased!" The Spirit of God was there as a distinct person, landing upon the Son revealing Him to the world! The voice of the Father and the presence of the Spirit were real! The voice did not lie, this was His Son, not himself in another form! Remember question #37, God cannot lie.
58. What did the voice say at Jesus' baptism? "Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." Mark 1:11. As the Son of God, Jesus was the one God incarnate.
The Bible does not say that the Son of God was the One God incarnate. In fact, the word incarnate is NOT in the Bible! That statement is irrelevant to the context of this passage. There is no substance for this claim. Christ is God incarnate, but within the Godhead, He is NOT the Father.
59. Does the Bible say that God shed His blood and that God laid down His life for us? Yes. Acts 20:28; I John 3:16. God was able to do this because He had taken upon Himself a human body.
Jesus is God, we agree. This does not prove He was the Father.
60. The Bible says that God is coming back with all his saints (Zechariah 14:5) and also that Jesus is coming back with all his saints (I Thessalonians 3:13). Are two coming back? No. Only one is coming back--our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ. Titus 2:13.
One God is coming back, this is a true statement. Note that in Titus 1:4 that Paul mentions both God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.